Gernika (or Guernica) is the historical capital of Basque country, and is known for the tragic bombing it suffered during the Spanish Civil War on April 26, 1937. There, we visited the Gernika Peace Museum, which commemorates the bombing of Gernika, and aims to promote the "culture of peace." We also visited the General Assembly House of Biscay, which is the home of "The Tree of Gernika," an oak tree that stands as a symbol of the Basque People.
Picasso's painting "Guernica" represents the chaos and anguish of the bombing of Gernika.
It was painted for the 1937 World's Fair, Paris.
Gernika is located in the Urdaibai Reservation, an area which also includes a beautiful natural landscape. Our coach buses climbed narrow winding roads to a restaurant on the summit of a mountain where we ate lunch. The ride was quite nerve-racking as these roads ran along the steep mountain slope and did not seem bus-friendly at all. The view from the mountaintop was incredible, and my photos do not do it justice. I felt like I was on top of the world!
We finished the excursion with a visit to the beautiful coastal town of Mundaka.